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Printing

PRINTING TERMS

Printing

Lithographic Process
Lithography uses simple chemical processes to create an image. The positive part of an image is a water-repelling substance, while the negative image would be water-retaining. When the plate is introduced to a compatible printing ink and water mixture, the ink will adhere to the positive image and the water will clean the negative image.

Offset Printing
A printing technique where the inked image is transferred (or “offset”) from a plate to a rubber blanket, then to the printing surface.

Sheet Fed Press
Refers to individual sheets of paper or paperboard being fed into a press. Commonly used for small to medium print quantities.

Web Fed Press
Print using a continuous roll of paper or other material. Consist of connecting units that allow printing, folding, trimming and finishing all in one process normally used for large quantities. Newspapers are produced on web-fed presses.

Digital Printing
Refers to the method of an image being applied directly to the sheet, it does not require printing plates and is normally used for small quantities. As the process relies
on a digital source directly from the computer it is possible to personalise each print using variable data.

Digital Proof
A digital proof reproduces a colour output that does not need the additional processes required for production and can vary in quality (high or low resolution). Usually this proof is of a greater accuracy in colour than your office laser printer.

Wet Proof
Produced from the final metal plates and printed onto the correct stock, this proof gives the truest and most colour accurate impression of a finished item. This option is the most expensive, if changes are required, new plates will need to be produced.

Saddle Stitched
Secure loose printed, folded and nested pages with staples down the middle of the fold (the spine).

Drilled
Hole punched.

Perfect Bind
A means of binding a document together with an adhesive giving a square edge finish to the spine.

Laminate
A protective plastic covering to printed work. Comes in a range of thicknesses with a gloss or matt finish.

Spot Varnish
A liquid gloss or matt coating that is applied to a specific area adding emphasis e.g. text and photos but can be applied to flat areas of colour for subtle texture.

Stock
The paper or board you have chosen to print your project on.

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Contact

The Cleves Suite,
Meadows Business Centre,
Old Uckfield Road,
Ringmer, Lewes,
East Sussex,
BN8 5RW
Tel 01273 814963
Email: studio@ingeniousdesign.co.uk

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